The Genesis of Farming

At the heart of the debate between science and the Bible, is the question of origins. Modern readers of the biblical creation accounts, including Christians, tend to see these stories as an account of material origins. Therefore, they compare them with current scientific models since science seeks to describe and explain physical, material processes. However, as anyone familiar with the debate knows, things are not as straightforward. The attempt to harmonize biblical creation narrative with science is actually quite difficult. The reason why this is so hard, is that the creation stories are not particularly bothered with accounting for material creation or physical processes. Continue reading “The Genesis of Farming”


The Trinity, Truth and Logic (Part I)

To put it mildly the Trinity is a difficult concept to grasp. To say there is one God and that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are equally God, and equal to one another, yet are different from one another clearly stretches logic. This is something that even Trinitarians implicitly admit when they call the Trinity a “mystery”, that is, a theological truth beyond human logical comprehension. Even though they will heartily affirm it, the overwhelming majority of Trinitarian Christians cannot make sense of it. Most believers tend to avoid it altogether often out of fear of flirting with heresy if they press the matter just a little further. It is therefore unsurprising that both Christian and non-Christian critics tend to primarily attack the rationality of it.

I am a Christian who does not believe in the Trinity but I do not find the logical argument against the Trinity that convincing. I do still think it is a serious problem with the doctrine, especially combined with other problems, but I personally do not think it is the most potent standalone argument against the Trinity. In my view, there are better theological arguments, which I am going to address in two parts. In the first part I want to explore the weaknesses of the logical attack and in the second part how to strengthen it. Continue reading “The Trinity, Truth and Logic (Part I)”

Individualism, Culture & Christian Commentary

Among Christian thinkers individualism has somewhat become a dirty word. You hardly ever see anything positive said about it and to be honest, there are many valid reasons for this, especially in having a shared identity as Christians. However, on closer inspection there is more merit to the idea than most commentators realise. The problem with it is, like any big concept, it is often poorly defined and a lot of other ideas have become confounded with it. To have a fairer appreciation of individualism, these things have to be carefully unentangled. Continue reading “Individualism, Culture & Christian Commentary”

COVID-19 & the Book of Job

In the interview below, Old Testament scholar John Walton shares profound and challenging insights from the Book of Job and how it pertains to the global pandemic. Continue reading “COVID-19 & the Book of Job”

The End is Already Here!

There is a popular view among some Christians that the COVID-19 pandemic is some kind of apocalyptic plague. Now the world is seeing some unprecedented things because of the virus. However, if it really is an apocalyptic judgment then God must be losing his touch because there have been far worse disease outbreaks in human history. There are other significant problems with this view but the reflex to read major contemporary global events as signs of the apocalypse is not new among Christians. In fact, this kind of apocalypticism has made its way into pop culture, especially in film and television over the last decade. While I do recognize the biblical premises that have inspired such views, it actually reveals a fundamental failure in how the church has taught eschatology, that is, what the end of the world will be like.

Because of their highly symbolic language, apocalyptic texts tend to be quite difficult to interpret. This is what makes them such excellent fodder for rampant speculation. Those who go down the apocalyptic rabbit hole end up missing the forest for the trees. In my experience, Christians who get swept up in uncritical apocalyptic speculation tend to get bogged down with the details of apocalyptic visions in the Bible and tying them to world events and current affairs. They therefore miss the big picture of what the New Testament says about the end. Of course, the exact meaning of apocalyptic passages in the Bible matters but they exist in the larger context of the Bible’s general vision of the end. According to the New Testament, the end is not primarily marked by global disasters, mass deception and sinister conspiracies. In fact, we are already in the end times and have been for two thousand years. Continue reading “The End is Already Here!”